battle of germantown

On the opposite end of the field 1,500 New Jersey and Maryland militiamen arrived too late to participate in any major fighting. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. Explore Germantown and its historic sites to learn how the American Revolution and the Battle of Germantown affected people in 1777. Online Resources: List of Battles of the Revolutionary War; Battles of the American Revolution; American Battlefield Trust – Germantown; West Point – Table of … Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown… Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association. The British won this battle thus … The Battle of Germantown, was fought on October 4, 1777, between the American army led by George Washington British Army and the British who fought under Sir William Howe.. Facts about the Battle of Germantown. After Howe had occupied Philadelphia, Washington attacked British troops at Germantown. Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. Howe had stationed two British brigades in the village, commanded by General James Grant, … How Well Do You Know the Revolutionary War? Battle: Germantown War: American Revolution Date of the Battle of Germantown: 4 th October 1777 Place of the Battle of Germantown: North of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States of America. He was replaced by Marquis de Lafayette. On the evening of October 3rd, the Continental Army began a 16-mile march toward Germantown with a force of 11,000 men. This page was last changed on 23 August 2018, at 08:08. Preserve 108 Acres of the Most Important Unprotected Battlefield Land, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Overview of the American Revolutionary War. On the left, one of Sullivan’s divisions, commanded by General Anthony Wayne, became separated in the fog. Luckily, the darkness at night and the army's weaponry helped them retreat from Germantown. The British won the battle. Our Digital Encyclopedia has all of the answers students and teachers need. The War of the Revolution, 2 Vols. This action diverted troops from Sullivan's main advance and also from Greene's, as some of his soldiers joined the assault. After taking the American capital, British General Sir William Howe positioned two brigades under General James Grant and a contingent of Hessians troops commanded by General Wilhelm von Kynphausen in Germantown. Map of the British Colonies in North America 1763-1775 The loss was devastating for the Americans and proved to be a decisive victory for the British because it came after … Sullivan’s column was the first to make contact, driving back the British pickets on Mount Airy. Although Howe received some intelligence of an impending attack, he did little to prepare in advance. The morale of … 3200 Mount Vernon Memorial HighwayMount Vernon, Virginia 22121. Contents. Approximately 100 British soldiers took refuge in Cliveden, a large stone mansion, while the British withdrew. Only the steadfastness of Greene’s and Wayne’s men and the American artillery prevented a disaster. Wayne’s men returned fire. The British force in the village totaled 9,000 men. battle of germantown. Mount Vernon is owned and maintained in trust for the people of the United States by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union, a private, non-profit organization. Tell a Friend Print Event Description. The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. close to the highway, from which the farm fences, orchards, and inclosures extended back a considerable distance on each side. The year and date that the Battle of Germantown took place on Saturday, October 04, 1777. As dawn approached o… On the far right flank, John Armstrong's Pennsylvanians held a Hessian detachment in place but did little more. Casualties - American casualties were estimated to be 152 killed, 521 wounded, and 438 missing/captured. A variety of activities for the whole family will be available at Cliveden and Historic Germantown sites. He received that opportunity a week later when British General William Howe divided his army. It was fought on October 4, 1777 near Germantown, Pennsylvania. N the evening after the battle of Brandywine, General Howe sent a party to Wilmington, who seized in bed Mr. M'Kinlay, governor, of the state of Delaware, and took a shallop lying in the rivulet loaded with the rich effects of some of the inhabitants, together with the public records of the county, and other … Tell a Friend Print Event Description. After successfully entering the capital, British General William Howe divided his … The British and Hessian troops had set up camp on the high ground of Germantown with two small brigades camped in the market square for defence. Slideshow compiled of three years of re-enactment footage. They were hoping … The vanguard of Sullivan's column, on Germantown Road, launched the battle when they opened fire on the British pickets of light infantry at Mount Airy just as the sun was rising at around 5:00 am. Here the Americans are … The Battle of Brandywine, fought just outside of Philadelphia on September 11, 1777, resulted in an overarching British victory and the conquest of the rebel seat of government. Fought less than a month after the British victory at the Battle of the Brandywine (September 11), the Battle of Germantown took … Here is his entry on page 23. Battle of Germantown Definition: The Battle of Germantown was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in North America during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). All Rights Reserved. His battle plan called for an assault on Philadelphia from the Northwest, aimed straight through the center of Germantown. Overnight and through the early morning hours of October 4, 1777, as many as twelve thousand American soldiers moved South towards Germantown by several different routes. Howe encamped at Germantown, Pennsylvania, seven miles northeast of … Discover what made Washington "first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen". After an initial advance, the American reserve allowed itself to be diverted by 120 English soldiers holding out in the Benjamin Chew House. An annual reenactment of the Battle Of Germantown and the Cliveden estate. The Battle of Germantown in Philadelphia was yet another in a string of defeats for the American General George Washington in the Revolutionary War, but like so many of Washington’s setbacks, he had an uncanny ability to come away from a stinging military loss with an overall gain or advantage. Washington’s soldiers were told to put a piece of white paper in their hats so they could tell the difference between friend and foe. They held off the attack and inflicted around 1000 casualties on the Americans while only suffering around 500 themselves. He decided to attack and destroy the enemy detachment at Germantown using a double envelopment. Created by Italian artist Xavier della Gatta in 1782, the painting vividly and accurately depicts the 1777 Battle of Germantown, part of the Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolutionary War. HISTORICAL MAP | The Battle of Germantown, Pennsylvania on October 4, 1777. A heavy morning fog disoriented the American assault columns and led to a friendly fire incident between elements of Major General John Sullivan's right colum… Join in the festivities every year on the first Saturday of October. Fought less than a month after the British victory at the Battle of the Brandywine (September 11), the Battle of Germantown took place on October 4, 1777, outside the city of Philadelphia. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2007. The separation, combined with the lack of fire from their comrades and the commotion of the attack on Cliveden behind them, convinced Wayne’s men that they were cut off, causing them to withdraw. British Forces was commanded by Gen. William Howe and consisted of about12,500 Soldiers. The British were so shocked to find a large force of American soldiers that some were cut off from the main body; 120 men under British Colonel Musgrave took shelter in the large stone house of Chief Justice Benjamin Chew, known as Cliveden. Washington’s Army lost roughly 700 men killed and wounded. Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown: General George Washington against Major … Despite the British victory, many Europeans, especially the French, were impressed by the continued determination of the Continental Army. Greene, delayed on the long march, opened his attack about an hour later and captured part of the British camp in heavy fighting. On the evening of October 3rd, the Continental Army began a 16-mile march toward Germantown with a force of 11,000 men. Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable twice-hallowed ground at Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor — forever. Battle of Germantown. Military Heritage 6 (February 2005): 46-55. A late-comer to this list of folklore heroes was Hans Boyer, the supposed assailant of Gen. James Agnew at the battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777. Background; British positions The Battle of Germantown on 4 October 1777 pitted a 9,000-man British army under General William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe against an 11,000-strong American army commanded by Major General George Washington. This fortified position would prove a thorn in the Americans’ side for the remainder of the battle, with numerous assaults being repulsed with heavy casualties. In the early fall of 1777, events did not fare well for George Washington’s army in Pennsylvania. For men ill shod and ill equipped, and already fatigued from weeks of marching and countermarching, it was a long and arduous night traversing rough roads in complete darkness. The Americans planned a four pronged attack. "Victory Denied by the Fog of War." Researched and written by Mike Dickey Member of Skippack Historical Society. Need help with homework? United States, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 6401 Germantown Ave - Cliveden. Washington’s soldiers were told to put a piece of white paper in their hats so they could tell the difference between friend and foe. Luckily, the darkness at night and the army's weaponry helped them retreat from Germantown. The battle was a decisive victory for the British. General John Sullivan leading troops at the Battle of Brandywine fought prior to Battle of Germantown. The Philadelphia Campaign: Germantown and the Roads to Valley Forge. Today, the Revolutionary Germantown Festival keeps the tradition alive, energizing the community with a day of family entertainment and Battle of Germantown reenactments. The morning was foggy, and American coordination broke down. General John Sullivan would attack with the main force while General Nathanael Greene attacked on the flank. A minor result from the battle was the dismissal of General Stephen who was drunk during the battle. Agnew was not a major player in the battle, arriving on the scene towards the end of the day’s confused and intense fighting, but he was a British general nonetheless. The Revolutionary Germantown Festival 2017 will be Saturday October 7. It was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania, between the British Army led by Sir William Howe, and the American Continental Army, with the 2nd Canadian Regiment, under George Washington. The British won the battle. Around 5:30 in the morning, Sullivan's troops surprised Howe's advanced guard and forced it back towards Germantown in confusion as a dense fog blanketed the battlefield. As a result, the attack failed, and the American troops were forced to withdraw.. The Battle of Germantown was fought on 4 October 1777 in Germantown, Pennsylvania, which is now a neighborhood of Northwest Philadelphia.The battle occurred when George Washington led an army of 11,000 Continental Army troops to attack William Howe's divided army of 9,000 British and Hessian troops as it split … In addition, the militia columns failed to envelop Howe's flanks. Visit the Schedule of Events for more information. A thick fog clouded the battlefield throughout the day. The Americans set out on a march to Germantown on the 3rd October; this march was to be 16 miles and took place over the darkness … We don't accept government funding and rely upon private contributions to help preserve George Washington's home and legacy. In an open space in the centre was the Market house, George Washington, commanding an army of 8,000 Continentals and 3,000 militiamen, sensed an opportunity. of History. The Battle of Germantown in Philadelphia was yet another in a string of defeats for the American General George Washington in the Revolutionary War, but like so many of Washington’s setbacks, he had an uncanny ability to come away from a stinging military loss with an overall gain or advantage. Washington, on the advice of artillery commander Henry Knox, decided to attack the sturdy building rather than isolate it with a small force. Michael P. Gabriel, Ph.D.Kutztown University. British casualties were estimated to be 71 killed, 450 … Unfortunately, one of Greene’s brigades, under General Adam Stephen, also became lost in the fog, mistook Wayne’s men for the British, and opened fire. Still, the British were greatly surprised that an opponent whom they believed was beaten could launch such a fierce attack. All Rights Reserved. Ward, Christopher. The Americans' most serious challenge was at Cliveden. Ill-armed, still worse clothed, mostly unshod, scantily fed, discipline lacking, and poorly officered; these and more were accurate descriptions of the American Army that fled to the … The Battle. HOME - HISTORY MAPS - Battle of GERMANTOWN 1777. It was fought on October 4, 1777 near Germantown, Pennsylvania. Thus began the Battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, that early foggy morning just north of Philadelphia. Add to Google Calendar. Spend the day with us! He received that opportunity a week later when British General William Howe divided his army. The militia, under General William Smallwood, would target the British extreme right and rear. The morale of the soldiers was boosted by the attack. Created by Italian artist Xavier della Gatta in 1782, the painting vividly and accurately depicts the 1777 Battle of Germantown, part of the Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The Continental Army had suffered defeats trying to protect the city at the Battles of Brandywine and Paoli. Luckily, Greene’s column arrived in time to engage the British before they could rout Wayne. Mount Vernon is owned and maintained in trust for the people of the United States by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union, a private, non-profit organization. Taffe, Stephen R. The Philadelphia Campaign, 1777-1778. Courtesy of the United States Military Academy Dept. They held off the attack and inflicted around 1000 casualties on the Americans while only suffering around 500 themselves. 372 Battle of Germantown. The Battle of Germantown was yet another British victory with staggering consequences for the Continental Army: 700 men were killed, and 400 were captured. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! In an article in sandcastles.netthe military journal of Lt. George Ewing, who fought in the Battle of Germantown was published. The Battle of Germantown was part of the Philadelphia Campaign, which saw Philadelphia captured by the British on September 26. While the Americans were still searching for their big victory, … Join in the festivities every year on the first Saturday of October. The Battle Of Germantown. Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. 03 Oct. 2020 | 09:00 86 Day(s) Ago . This painting depicts a scene from the Battle of Germantown, fought on October 4, 1777. In an open space in … To regain the initiative, Washington and his lieutenants plotted a bold strike against the primary British camp at Germantown… During the grinding five-hour battle, Washington's casualties numbered 152 killed, 521 wounded, and approximately 400 captured. The battle at Germantown swirls around the Chew House at the center of the battlefield. The resulting firefight caused both units to break and flee the field. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. Defeats at Brandywine and Paoli enabled William Howe’s forces to occupy Philadelphia unopposed on September 26. The British pickets resisted American advance and fired their guns in alarm. Battle of Germantown 1777. Bibliography:McGuire, Thomas J. Though the outcome is … The Battle of Germantown In early October, Washington conceived a bold plan of attack on Howe's 9,000 troop garrison stationed in Germantown. Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. The battlefield … The Battle of Germantown was a major engagement in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War.It was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania, between the British Army led by Sir William Howe, and the American Continental Army, with the 2nd Canadian Regiment, under George Washington.. … We don't accept government funding and rely upon private contributions to help preserve George Washington's home and legacy. Map of the United States: Battle Sites 1689-1945. © 2021 Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association. Much like at Trenton, he divided his army so as to attack the British from multiple directions at dawn. After dusk on October 3, the American army began the 16 miles (26 km) march south toward Germantown in complete darkness. Other American troops retreated when they heard the heavy firing towards the rear, fearing that they were encircled. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Discover the Home of George and Martha Washington. The Battle of Germantown was yet another British victory with staggering consequences for the Continental Army: 700 men were killed, and 400 were captured. The Continental Army had suffered defeats trying to protect the city at the Battles of Brandywine and Paoli. Armies - American Forces was commanded by Gen. George Washington and consisted of about 11,000 Soldiers. Germantown’s pride in its Revolutionary past was reinforced by a specious tale involving John D. Rockefeller, who invested millions to recreate an 18th-century town in Williamsburg, Virginia. Artwork by Rick Reeves. To make matters worse, Sullivan’s men were also beginning to run low on ammunition, causing their fire to slacken. Sullivan's troops were running low on ammunition and slowed their advance before coming under a volley of friendly fire from Greene's men, who had become disoriented in the fog. My goal was to avoid any signs of modern civilization, I want the viewers to get an uninterrupted glimpse of 1777. Agnew was not a major player in the battle, arriving on the scene towards the end of the day’s confused and intense fighting, but he was a British general nonetheless. Reference Maps on the American Revolution 1775-1783. The Washington Library is open to all researchers and scholars, by appointment only. Lawrence: The University Press of Kansas, 2003. The Battle of Germantown is reenacted there on the first Saturday of each October (except this year because of the pandemic). As a result, the attack failed, and the American troops were forced to withdraw.. The Revolutionary Germantown Festival 2017 will be Saturday October 7. After Howe had occupied Philadelphia, Washington attacked British troops at Germantown. Such distractions allowed Howe time to organize a counterattack with fresh troops. In the darkness, the troops didn’t make the expected progress that was expected. Add to Google Calendar. United States, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 6401 Germantown Ave - Cliveden. The Battle of Germantown in October 1777 was Washington’s second defeat in a month and it caused many to question his leadership. Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. Despite losing the battle, Germantown actually helped the Americans in winning the war. British 40th Foot occupying the Chew House at the Battle of Germantown on 4th October 1777 in the American Revolutionary War: picture by Xavier della Gatta American guns fire on the Chew House at the Battle of Germantown on 4th October 1777 in the American Revolutionary War Map of the Battle of Germantown… The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. Battle: Germantown War: American Revolution Date of the Battle of Germantown: 4 th October 1777 Place of the Battle of Germantown: North of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States of America. The Americans planned a four pronged attack. Battle of Germantown, (October 4, 1777), in the American Revolution, abortive attack by 11,000 American troops upon 9,000 British regulars stationed at Germantown (now part of Philadelphia) under General Sir William Howe. BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN. The Battle of Germantown was fought on October 4, 1777 in the Philadelphia suburb of Germantown, Pennsylvania between General William Howe's British forces and General Georg Washington's American forces. October 3, 2020 - Full and probationary members of the British Brigade and Continental Line are invited to participate in the annual … Today, the Revolutionary Germantown Festival keeps the tradition alive, energizing the community with a day of family entertainment and Battle of Germantown reenactments. 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